A change in legality in CBD has greatly contributed to its surge in popularity. Ongoing research has proven that CBD is an effective cannabinoid that offers an alternative treatment to humans' several ailments. However, there have also been ongoing discussions about the benefits of CBD for pets. Unknown to many, pets can also benefit greatly from CBD products. This article shall shed light on CBD pet products, its benefits, legality, side effects, and current research. CBD For Pets: Is it a Miracle or a Marketing Scam? Since CBD became popular, there is no denying that it has been a subject of scrutiny on its benefits for pets. Many cat and dog owners are wondering whether CBD is effective for pets or not. Another question that has been on most dog owners is whether CBD is safe to use for pets. Many also wonder whether feeding pets with more than necessary CBD can be harmful to them. Although there are no formal studies on CBD's effect on pets, a great number of dog owners have come out to attest that it aids in various pet conditions like the alleviation of pain, anxiety, seizures, hyperactivity, appetite issues, and sleep disorder. Its effectiveness is not a hype or marketing scam but something that dog owners can gain benefits from. The truth is that THC-free CBD is effective and safe to use on pets. It does not contain THC, a mind-altering compound that can be harmful to cats and dogs. Overview of CBD & its Rich History Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the many cannabinoids that naturally occur in the hemp plant. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is another popular cannabinoid found in this plant. While CBD can be extracted from marijuana, it is mostly sourced from the hemp plant, which contains less than 0.3% THC. The cannabinoids interact with various receptors in the body\u2019s endocannabinoid system. The ESC is responsible for regulating different body processes, including pain, stress, appetite, mood, sleep, metabolism, and many more. CBD interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors to ensure essential functions that are helpful to the body. The CB1 receptors are majorly found in the brain. These receptors are associated with pain, appetite, mood, and energy levels. On the other hand, the CB2 receptors are mostly found in other parts of the body and are linked to inflammation and skin health. While both THC and CBD have similar chemical structures, their psychoactive effects are different. THC binds with CB1 receptors to cause a high and other side effects. On the other hand, CBD is considered safe to use on pets since it neither binds to the CB1 receptors nor reacts to the brain. When your pet takes hemp-derived CBD products, it is absorbed into their bloodstream and works to regulate the physiological processes. Current Animal Researched Done Based on CBD for Pets Peer-reviewed research on the effectiveness of CBD for pets is still limited. This is because veterinarians have limited access to studying CBD's benefits and potential side effects for pets. Although scientific data lacks anecdotal evidence for dog owners, it effectively treats pain and seizures. Few studies done have shown that pets and other animals also have the endocannabinoid system. A 2012 study by the University of Pisa established that the CB1 and CB2 receptors were existing in healthy dogs' skin. The receptors were also present in dogs with topic dermatitis. When the endocannabinoid system dysfunctions, there will be a lack of balance in the dog's body. CBD is then introduced into the body, where it interacts with the cannabinoid receptors to restore homeostasis in the dog. Cats and dogs are both prone to pathogenic bacteria, which can be dangerous if not treated. According to research done at the Centre for Superbug Solutions, it was determined that CBD can effectively kill bacteria within a short period of time. A clinical trial done in 2016 at the Colorado State University showcased CBD safety for healthy dogs. A 2018 study at Cornell University found that 2mg\/kg of CBD given twice each day helped reduce osteoarthritis pain in dogs. What\u2019s, is the Legal Status of CBD Products in the USA? The 2014 federal Farm Bill was signed into law. It gave state governments the legal right to plant and research industrial hemp in pilot and agricultural programs regulated by the state. The signing of the bill also made legal the growing, processing, and use of CBD products derived from hemp. This, therefore, means that hemp-derived products, including CBD for pets, are federally legal in the US. Nonetheless, this may differ in states. Different Types of CBD Products Currently Available for Pets in the Market CBD oil for pets comes in different forms, including oil tinctures, capsules, topical creams, and CBD pet treats. \t Oil Tinctures Oil tinctures are available in a glass bottle and a dropper, making it great for measuring exact dosages. This form of CBD allows you to place drops on the oil under the pet\u2019s tongue for quick absorption. You can as well squirt the oil on their food or on their favorite treat. \t Capsules CBD oil for pets can also be taken as capsules, which are believed to contain full-spectrum CBD, flavonoids, and terpenes. All these are mixed with natural ingredients. An advantage of capsules is that they come with the optimal dose, and you don\u2019t need to keep calculating, as is the case with tinctures. Plus, they are effective for older dogs who suffer from pain, arthritis, and inflammation. \t Topical Creams As for topical creams, you just need to apply to the affected area. Topical creams are especially effective for pets that have pain and inflammation. \t Infused Treats This is the other type of CBD products for pets that comes in numerous forms and flavors. There are numerous CBD Dog Treats in the market, including chews, bacon biscuits, peanut butter bites, and more. Health Benefits that You Can Expect by Giving Your Pet CBD By giving the best CBD for pets to your dog or cat, you ensure their overall wellness. Because dogs are different, the results of CBD usage may vary. Nonetheless, CBD can offer similar effects on pets. CBD oil alleviates pain and inflammation in dogs. It does this by boosting the hormones in the endocannabinoid system, which helps to regulate pain. Dogs are more prone to anxiety, particularly social anxiety. CBD can help reduce the symptoms of anxiety in dogs and gives them calmness. Similarly, cats can suffer from anxiety, stress, and behavioral issues because of changes in the environment. By giving them CBD, you can expect that they will calm down. Does your pet show sign of appetite issues by not finishing the regular food you put in their bowl? CBD is effective at increasing appetite and dealing with digestive issues. The other benefit of CBD oil for pets is that it aids in treating sleep disorders. After consuming it, you will notice the improved quality of sleep in your pets. You just need to ensure that you check the brand's quality and reliability when you buy CBD for pets online. Side Effects to Take Note Of There is no scientific data regarding the use of CBD for pets. However, there are possible side effects of CBD oil in dogs based on its effects on humans. Some of these possible side effects include: \tLow blood pressure \tDry mouth \tDrowsiness CBD has not yet been approved by the U.S Food and Drug Administration, and there is no clear dosage for pets. In 2017, WHO did research that suggested the side effects may be because of CBD interacting with other drugs. For this reason, it is important to consult with your veterinarian first before using CBD for your pets. It is also advisable to start out small and monitor for signs of a reaction. Additionally, avoid using CBD products that have even a slight amount of THC, as this can cause harmful side effects on your pet. Summary Research on CBD's effects on pets is still in its infancy, and we expect to see continued interest and comprehensive research in the coming years. Nonetheless, anecdotal evidence and clinical trials have proved that it offers relief for cats and dogs that suffer from ailments like inflammation, anxiety, pain, sleep disorder, and many more. We hope that this article has helped you know more about CBD for pets. Before treating your pet with CBD, make sure to check with your vet first.