CBD vs. THC is among the compounds in the hemp and marijuana plant. While CBD is most abundant in hemp, THC occupies a better percentage in Marijuana, where the average cannabis plant may contain less THC content. Their benefits are almost the same, except THC will cause intoxicating effects. Both compounds are the products of the plants that belong to the genus cannabis.
In recent years, improved information about the cannabis plant and its two major ingredients has not only increased its appeal but also pushed it into the mainstream. Learn more about the similarities and differences between CBD and THC, as well as how they can benefit the body, their possible adverse effects, and how they’re treated by the legal system in the United States, in the sections below.
CBD vs. THC: Key Differences
So, what does CBD stand for? CBD stands for Cannabidiol. Which is derived from hemp. And what does THC stand for? THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. Hemp and Marijuana Belong to the Cannabis sativa family, which was controversial before the evolution in the industry. According to the 2018 farm bill, there are conditions that hemp must meet to be categorized as hemp:
- Individual brands must possess a license from KDA to process hemp products.
- Their THC level should not exceed 0.3%.
- The marketers should have approval from the FDA to sell hemp products.
Note that hemp is not listed in the schedule I products, explaining why they are available in many forms, such as gels, CBD gummies extracts, oils, and supplements.
The Chemical Structure
CBD and THC do have similar chemical structures, except that they vary in the arrangement of the atoms. The difference in atom arrangement explains the variations in effects on your body. Both have 30 hydrogen atoms, two oxygen atoms, and 21 carbon atoms.
Furthermore, their chemical structure enables them to influence the endocannabinoid system, which will influence the transmitters responsible for moods, stress, anxiety, and pain. That’s why many people are taking CBD gummies for pain, sleep, anxiety and other conditions.
Understanding The Psychoactive Nature
The similarity is their chemical structure but does not necessarily translate to similar effects in the body. THC is famous for the high, or a euphoric feeling, while CBD has impacts that help relieve pain, anxiety, stress, and seizures.
Furthermore, the interactions of CBD and THC vary. THC interacts with the CB1 receptors in the brain to produce a sense of euphoria, while CBD binds with CB2 receptors but weakly with the CB1 receptors. Many studies suggest that CBD could help gape the severe high effects of THC through sedation.
Do CBD and THC Have Benefits?
While CBD and THC tend to vary, their benefits are almost the same. CBD happens to be the most preferred because it is non-intoxicating.
FDA is on record for approving the first CBD prescription medicine in 2018 after legalization by the farm Bill. Epidiolex, for instance, is a CBD drug that treats seizures that affect infants.
Other conditions that CBD can treat include:
- Migraine pain
- Inflammatory bowel disease
On the other hand, THC will treat a condition such as pain, low appetite, insomnia, glaucoma, and muscle spasticity.
Side effects of CBD vs. THC
Like any other drug, CBD vs. THC products will have side effects. There are THC edibles or CBD edibles you can consume. But it will be interesting to note that hemp-derived products are tolerable even in large doses. These interactions May be due to interactions with other medications you are taking. Common THC side-effects are:
- Red eyes
- Memory loss
- Coordination problems
- The heart rate may increase
- Slow response times
The side effects of CBD are:
- Changes in appetite
While side-effects in both compounds may be mild, prolonged use of THC may cause long-term psychiatric effects.
Will CBD and THC Show Up on A Drug Test?
Yes, but do you know how long does THC stay in your system? or how long does CBD stay in your system? The fact is when you consume CBD and THC, your body will store them up, and you expect them to show up on tests because it takes several days or weeks to disappear. Note that a drug test will be checking THC, though some check both CBD and THC. It is prudent to note that hemp may contain trace amounts of THC, and it may show up on screening.
Therefore, it is vital to avoid CBD and THC products if you are going to take a drug test because some brands will have THC in their products despite THC free disclaimer, unless you are sure that they are the best products, such as the best CBD gummies, best CBD oil, and even gels and creams.
Regulations in CBD and THC
The regulations governing CBD vs. THC keeps evolving, and it is good to be checking the latest developments. While it is true that the farm Bill 2018 declared CBD as legal, they are still technically drugs under federal laws. The classification of CBD by the Drug enforcement administration (DEA) and Food and drug administration (FDA) still places it under schedule 1 drugs.
Some states, though, already have cannabis-related regulations. You should check the regulations in your state. Technically, some states approve it as a prescription drug, and you will take it under a physician’s prescription. Several states even approve CBD and THC for recreational use. You may find CBD in some approved states if you search on the internet for the word “CBD near me or CBD store near me.”
You can buy CBD products in legal states, but you will be in trouble if you have such products in states that are yet to legalize them. Therefore, it is prudent to consider the state laws before subscribing to these products.
To conclude, CBD vs. THC is a wide area for comparison, and more studies are still necessary because there are still many controversies underlying the industry. The difference between CBD and THC exists. Therefore, it is prudent to know your tolerance levels for THC if you are to use CBD or THC products. It is also necessary to take caution if you are under any medication because many studies show that cannabis products can interact with other drugs.
It may also be a challenge to choose the best products that do not contain THC because all brands say that their products are THC free, so make sure that you are buying from reputable brands that display a certificate of analysis (COA) by the third parties.